Lighting Information

Firstly it is important to understand regulations that are applied in the bathroom. Below there is all information you should need to select the right fittings.

The diagrams below show a bathroom split into four clear zones. In zones 0, 1, 2 and 3, if there is a likelihood of a water jet being used for cleaning purposes a minimum of IPx5 is required.

Zone 0 is inside the bath or shower itself and any fittings used here must be low voltage (max 12V) and be rated IP67 which is total protection when immersed in water.

Zone 1 is above the bath to a height of 2.25m. A minimum rating of IP44 is required here.

Zone 2 is an area stretching to 0.6m outside the bath and above the bath if over 2.25m. An IP rating of at least IP44 is required here.

Zone 3 is anywhere outside zones 0, 1, and 2 (subject to specific limits) and where no water jet is likely to be used there is no IP rating required.

The IEE Regulations do not make specific reference to wash basins but in the opinion of The Lighting Association they should be treated as Zone 2 (i.e. IP44).

Bathroom Zones

On our Website we have put IP (Ingress Protection) ratings for some of our products. The Ingress protection system is an international standard and allows you to easily see how resistant a product is to different environmental elements.

Examples:
1. IP 54 (Means it can go outside but not under water
2. IP 68 (Means it can go under water with up to 1 bar)

Here is some of the most common IP rating.

IP 23 = RAINPROOF
IP 44 = SPLASH PROOF
IP 65 = JET PROOF
IP 67 = WATER TIGHT (IMMERSIBLE)
IP 68 = PRESSURE WATER JET (SUBMERSIBLE)

A number replaced by x indicates that the enclosure is not rated for that spec.

First Number (Protection against solid objects) Definition Second Number (Protection against liquids) Definition
0 No special protection 0 No special protection
1 rotection from a large part of the body such as a hand (but no protection from deliberate access); from solid objects greater than 50mm in diameter. 1 Protection against condensation.
2 Protection against fingers or other object not greater than 80mm in length and 12mm in diameter. 2 Protection against water droplets deflected up to 15° from vertical
3 Protection from entry by tools, wires etc, with a diameter of 2.5 mm or more. 3 Protected against spray up to 60° from vertical.
4 Protection against solid bodies larger than 1mm (eg fine tools/small etc). 4 Protected against water spray from all directions.
5 Protected against dust that may harm equipment. 5 Protection against low pressure water jets (all directions)
6 Totally dust tight. 6 Protection against string water jets and waves.
7   7 Protected against temporary immersion.
8   8 Protected against prolonged effects of immersion under pressure

Here is a list of most common type of lamps.
The table below tells you the name, cap, wattage and voltages of lmaps.
Lamp Name
Photo Of Lamp
Cap Type
Wattage
Voltage
GLS
GLS

ES

BC

25W
40W
60W
100W
150W
240V
Golf Ball or Round
Golf ball
ES
SES
BC
SBC
25W
40W
60W
240V
Candle
Candle
SES
BC
SBC
25W
40W
60W
240v
Reflectors
R63

ES
R63,R80,R96 & R125

SES
R39 & R50

25W
40W
60W
75 W
100W
150W
240V

GU10

(Par 16)

GU10
GU10/GZ10

20W
35W
50W

240V

MR 16

(Dichroice)

MR16
GU5.3
20W
35W
50W
12V
MR 11
MR11
GU4
20W
35W
12V
MR 8
MR11
GU4
20W
35W
12V
G4 Capsule
G4 Capsule
G4
5W
10 W
20 W
12V
G6.35 Capsule
G4 Capsule
G6.35
20W
35W
50W
12V
G9 Halopin
G9
G9
20W
40W
60W
240V
Linear halogen 79mm
R7s

60W
100W
150W

240V
Linear halogen 117mm
R7s
150W
200W
300W
500W
240V
Hi-Spot
HI-SPOT
ES

25W
40W
50W
75 W
100W

240V
2D
2D

GR8 (2pin)

GR10q (4pin)

16W
28 W
38 W
240V
Single Turn 2 Pin
240V
Single Turn 4 Pin
240V
Double Turn 2 Pin
240V
Double Turn 4 Pin
240V
Triple Turn 2 Pin
240V
Triple Turn 4 Pin
240V
T4 Tube
240V
T5 Tube
240V
T8 Tube
240V
Low Energy
240V

Some LED's need to be wired in series. On the website I have indicated if you need to wire in series. Below is a diagram of LED's wired in series.